Monday, December 12, 2016

Movie & Book - my personal view

The book explains Gandhi's childhood in which appears his mother, his father and his brothers. Similarly, the fights seem are not real but in the film they are  very so stunning. In the movie when he fasted is very hard because we see him very ill. Raquel

I think the movie is the best because I don't have to read and I can understand more things and the movie explains the things better. At the same time I think the book is shorter than movie which takes 2 hours and however the book you can read in 30 minutes.  Marina

In my opinion the book is better because of different reasons. First, the film is too long and the book is shoter, another reason could be that the book starts when Gandhi is a child and you can understant the story better. The last reason isthat the film is old amb the book is new. Finally there are a lot of pictures and you can comprehend more easily. Elsa

Monday, November 21, 2016


Gandhi was born in India in 1869. He became froma good family and when he was 18, he went to Great Britain to study. Then, in South Africa he fought for the Hindu's straights. 21 years later he returned to India and fought against for the independence of India. In 1948 someone killed Gandhi and all de world cried for it.


India is one of the oldest civilisations in the world. It is more tha 4500 years old. In 1500BC, the population was divided into a hierchary of groups of grups or castes. Today India has got the second largest population in the world, with 1.13 billion citizens. Most Indians speak English but there are 18 official languages spoken in India.


Were outisde the caste system. The unchtable did the wors jobs. They clered the streets and collected rubbish. They formed the majority of the population.




CHAPTER 4: Gandhi arrived in Duban, South Africa, in 1893. He was expelled from the train beacouse he was not white. Finaly, he was returned to India.

CHAPTER 5: The family of Gandhi went to Africa. Gandhi tried to spread his ideas( Hindus ideas) and he learnt a perfect English with the Indians. He made his family to eat with knife and his family was angry with this.


CHAPTER 7: When the war ended, the governament begat to take many of english civil rights from the indians. Gandhi started a non-violent resistence but, one day, in a meeting in Amristar while over 10000 people were listening, a lot of soldiers began to shoot at thecrowd. After it, the Indian people decided to wear only Indian clothes, the atmosphere became too hostile and Gandhi was arrested. Indian population was divided between the Moslems and Hindus.

CHAPTER 8: This chapter explains that the Indians boycott the committees that the British were sending and thanks to that, they declare the independence and the beginning of a non-violence resistance campaign. Gandhi wanted to demonstraite against the salt tax and went to the sea with a lot of followers to take salt and the British took Gandhi to jail because he committed a crime. A year later Lord Irwin and Gandhi signed an agreement to stop the resistance.

CHAPTER 9: While Gandhi was in England, the agreement with Lord Irwin began to fail and Nehru and other leaders were arrested, Gandhi decided to go home. The Gandhi's wife, Ba, became very ill when he was in prison. Family of Gandhi let him be with her wife and a few days later she finally dead.

CHAPTER 10: British people leave India divide in two countries: Pakistan and India. Between India and Pakistan were a lot of fights. A lot of people died. Gandhi started to fast and after three days the fight ends.

CHAPTER 11: Gandhi was walking, suddenly a shoot him three times. Peolple burned Gandhi's body, his son took his ashes and throw it to a river. Millions of peple followed the urn to the river.

CHAPTER 12: After Gandhi was assassinated, the PrimenMinister Nehru spoke to the people. People from allower the world sent messages of condelence. The British representative to the UN called Gandhi ´´The friend of the porest, the loneliest and the lost``. He added´´Gandhi's greatest seccesses are still to come``.

ARRANGED MARRIAGES: In India, it was common for parents to arrange marriages for their children before they were 15.
Today child-marriage is illegal, but many Indians still practise it.

GURUS: A Guru was a spiritual guide. It was usually money, a valuable present, or the completion of a special task for the guru.

Wednesday, November 16, 2016



India is one of the oldest civilistations in the world. It is more that 4500 year old. People from many different backgrounds live there. In 1500 BC, the population was divided into a hierarchy of groups, or castes, according to profession. Castes gave some people special rights. Others, like the slaves and the "untouchables", were outside the caste system. The untouchable did the worst jobs. They cleaned the streets and collected rubbish.

The Shudras (servents and farm workers) were the  lowest caste. They worked for other people and didn´t own land. They formed the majority of the population.

Above the Shundras were the Vaishyas (merchants). They owned farms or business.

Next came the Krshatriyas (kings and warriors). They were a minority. A woman could be a Kshatriya, but she couldn´t be a warrior.

The highest, and most powerful, caste was the Brahmins (priests and leaders). Only Brahim men were educated and could teach in schools. This was actually the smallest group.

Today, India has got the second largest  population in the world, whit 1.13 billion citizens. Most Indians speak English, but there are 18 official languages spoken in India.

by Burlington Books - Copyright - Sue Kendell.  Rewritten by G. D. 4rB

Tuesday, November 8, 2016

Questions and Answers

Burlington questions:

1. What kind of student was Gandhi when he was young?
A bad student

2. Why were Gandhi's school friends a bad influence on him?
For exemple, he started to smoke, and  stole money

3. How was Ghandi different from most Indian husbands?
Ba couldn't read or write so I helped her to learn

4. What was Ghandi's father's reaction to his son's letter?
He said nothing and tore up the letter

5. How did Gandhi change when he arrived in England?
I tried to adapt to the new life

6. Why did Gandhi write articles for a magazine in England?
He wanted to improve his English

7. Why were other Indian lawyers more successful than Gandhi?
because they knew the Indian law in depth

8. Why was it hard for Gandhi to be lawyer?
because he was so quiet and shy that we couldn´t speak in public.

9. Why did Gandhi go to South Africa?
A Moslem buisnesmen from Prorbender offered me a job.

10. Why was Gandhi asked to leave the court in Durbam?
He refused to take off his turban

11. What happened to Gandhi at Maritzburg station?
We was expelled from the train because of his race

12. What did Gandhi learn from his visit to the hotel in Pretoria?
Not everybody was is prejudiced; some whites feel uncomfortable about the situation.

13. What was Gandhi's advice to his people?
If you want better lives, you must be first be better. You must tell the truth in business. You must forget all your religious division and become one group. And you must learn English. That´s how Indians can get respect.

14.What did Gandhi learn from his fight with Ba?
I teach myself to be calm and behave well with everybody, especially with my wife.

15. What did Gandhi read about in the newspaper before he left?
A new was passed, Indians will not be able to vote for the government any more. It´s the end of any opportunities for Indians in South Africa.

16. Why did Gandhi start the Natal Indian Congress?
He decided to start an organization to help the Indians and many people joined it.

17. What is the "Passive Resistance"?

It was a non-violent way to fight. We didn´t fight with our hands or with guns.

18. How did Gandhi's ideas about clothes change?
He wore a long white cotton shirt, white cotton trousers and sandals every day. Many people in the ashram began to dress in traditional Indian clothes too. They made the clothes ourselves - even the material.

19. Why did Gandhi feel the Indians weren't ready for non-violent resistance?
because we must fight against their anger and we mustn´t provoke it.

20. What made Gandhi finally decide to end British rule in India?

The General wasn´t punished after 400 Indians were killed and 1,200 were injured.

21. How did untouchables  get their name?

They were called that because nobody was permitted to go near them or touch them. These poor people could not have any relations with the rest of Indian society and they were forced to do the worst jobs.

22. According to the British, it was illegal to take salt directly from the sea.Why?
They had to pay a tax

23. Why did Gandhi travel to India?
He attended a special conference to discuss home rule but nothing was agreed upon there.

24. Why did the British children give Gandhi gifts?
because it was his birthday on 2nd October. He was so pleased to take them home in India.

25. What did Gandhi do when he was in prison?
He fasted to demostrate against the treatment of the untouchables by many Hindus in India. Excluding them from society was one of the worst social injustices.

26. How did Gandhi try to help the villagers change their lives?
He organised classes to teach the villagers to make things with their hands. This way, they could sell the products and get money.

27. Why did the congress Party vote for the "Quit-India" resolution?
To make the British leave India immediately and let them govern the country

28. Why was there violence in India after the British left?
India was divided between two countries, Pakistan and India, the Moslem began to move from their homes into the areas of their country and the Hindus in Pakistan moved to India. A terrible fighting began between them. Hundreds of thousands of people were killed and millions were forced to leave their homes with nowhere to go.

29. When did Gandhi finally agree to end his fast?
A peace agreement was signed in front of Gandhi between the representatives of both communities.

30. A young man threw a bomb at Gandhi. How did Gandhi feel about this incident?
The police shouldn´t arrest him, they should teach him to think in the right way.

31. Who were Gandhi's assistants in his old age?
Ava and Manu, his nieces.

32. How did Gandhi die?
A man moved forward as if he wanted to greet Gandhi, Manu tried to stop him and hold him back. He held an automatic pistol and fired 3 shots.

33. What was prime minister Nehru's message to the Indian people after Gandhi's death?
The light has gone out of our lives and there is darkness everywhere. The light is the light of living truth, it led us to freedom.

34. Why were ordinary people all over the world so sad about Gandhi's death?
Gandhi´s life inspired the troubled world to save itself by following his noble example.
It was a personal loss, he was regarded as a good man.

35. Who, apart from the Indians, adopted Gandhi's beliefs?
Martin Luther King. The UN

36. Why was Gandhi's philosophy so hard to follow?
because it demands great courage to fight injustice without guns, to suffer but not hit back, to die but not to kill.

IG: @jairo_palacio13 @geermaan4. @MohaaRM

Answers by 4ESO students.

Copyright Burlington Books