Tuesday, November 8, 2016

Questions and Answers

Burlington questions:

1. What kind of student was Gandhi when he was young?
A bad student

2. Why were Gandhi's school friends a bad influence on him?
For exemple, he started to smoke, and  stole money

3. How was Ghandi different from most Indian husbands?
Ba couldn't read or write so I helped her to learn

4. What was Ghandi's father's reaction to his son's letter?
He said nothing and tore up the letter

5. How did Gandhi change when he arrived in England?
I tried to adapt to the new life

6. Why did Gandhi write articles for a magazine in England?
He wanted to improve his English

7. Why were other Indian lawyers more successful than Gandhi?
because they knew the Indian law in depth

8. Why was it hard for Gandhi to be lawyer?
because he was so quiet and shy that we couldn´t speak in public.

9. Why did Gandhi go to South Africa?
A Moslem buisnesmen from Prorbender offered me a job.

10. Why was Gandhi asked to leave the court in Durbam?
He refused to take off his turban

11. What happened to Gandhi at Maritzburg station?
We was expelled from the train because of his race

12. What did Gandhi learn from his visit to the hotel in Pretoria?
Not everybody was is prejudiced; some whites feel uncomfortable about the situation.

13. What was Gandhi's advice to his people?
If you want better lives, you must be first be better. You must tell the truth in business. You must forget all your religious division and become one group. And you must learn English. That´s how Indians can get respect.

14.What did Gandhi learn from his fight with Ba?
I teach myself to be calm and behave well with everybody, especially with my wife.

15. What did Gandhi read about in the newspaper before he left?
A new was passed, Indians will not be able to vote for the government any more. It´s the end of any opportunities for Indians in South Africa.

16. Why did Gandhi start the Natal Indian Congress?
He decided to start an organization to help the Indians and many people joined it.

17. What is the "Passive Resistance"?

It was a non-violent way to fight. We didn´t fight with our hands or with guns.

18. How did Gandhi's ideas about clothes change?
He wore a long white cotton shirt, white cotton trousers and sandals every day. Many people in the ashram began to dress in traditional Indian clothes too. They made the clothes ourselves - even the material.

19. Why did Gandhi feel the Indians weren't ready for non-violent resistance?
because we must fight against their anger and we mustn´t provoke it.

20. What made Gandhi finally decide to end British rule in India?

The General wasn´t punished after 400 Indians were killed and 1,200 were injured.

21. How did untouchables  get their name?

They were called that because nobody was permitted to go near them or touch them. These poor people could not have any relations with the rest of Indian society and they were forced to do the worst jobs.

22. According to the British, it was illegal to take salt directly from the sea.Why?
They had to pay a tax

23. Why did Gandhi travel to India?
He attended a special conference to discuss home rule but nothing was agreed upon there.

24. Why did the British children give Gandhi gifts?
because it was his birthday on 2nd October. He was so pleased to take them home in India.

25. What did Gandhi do when he was in prison?
He fasted to demostrate against the treatment of the untouchables by many Hindus in India. Excluding them from society was one of the worst social injustices.

26. How did Gandhi try to help the villagers change their lives?
He organised classes to teach the villagers to make things with their hands. This way, they could sell the products and get money.

27. Why did the congress Party vote for the "Quit-India" resolution?
To make the British leave India immediately and let them govern the country

28. Why was there violence in India after the British left?
India was divided between two countries, Pakistan and India, the Moslem began to move from their homes into the areas of their country and the Hindus in Pakistan moved to India. A terrible fighting began between them. Hundreds of thousands of people were killed and millions were forced to leave their homes with nowhere to go.

29. When did Gandhi finally agree to end his fast?
A peace agreement was signed in front of Gandhi between the representatives of both communities.

30. A young man threw a bomb at Gandhi. How did Gandhi feel about this incident?
The police shouldn´t arrest him, they should teach him to think in the right way.

31. Who were Gandhi's assistants in his old age?
Ava and Manu, his nieces.

32. How did Gandhi die?
A man moved forward as if he wanted to greet Gandhi, Manu tried to stop him and hold him back. He held an automatic pistol and fired 3 shots.

33. What was prime minister Nehru's message to the Indian people after Gandhi's death?
The light has gone out of our lives and there is darkness everywhere. The light is the light of living truth, it led us to freedom.

34. Why were ordinary people all over the world so sad about Gandhi's death?
Gandhi´s life inspired the troubled world to save itself by following his noble example.
It was a personal loss, he was regarded as a good man.

35. Who, apart from the Indians, adopted Gandhi's beliefs?
Martin Luther King. The UN

36. Why was Gandhi's philosophy so hard to follow?
because it demands great courage to fight injustice without guns, to suffer but not hit back, to die but not to kill.

IG: @jairo_palacio13 @geermaan4. @MohaaRM

Answers by 4ESO students.

Copyright Burlington Books


  1. Monadas Karamchand Gandhi

    Mahatma Gandhi was born in Porbandar (present state of Gujarat) on October 2, 1869. His real name was "Monadas Karamchand Gandhi". His alleged ones called him Mahatma, which means "Great Soul." He studied law at University College London. In 1891 he returned to India and attempted to practice as a lawyer in Bombay with little success. Two years later, an Indian firm with interests in South Africa sent him as legal counsel to its offices in Durban. Upon arriving in this city Gandhi was found to be treated as a member of an inferior race. He was appalled by the widespread denial of civil liberties and political rights of Indian immigrants in South Africa and soon became involved in the struggle for the defense of the fundamental rights of his compatriots. Gandhi passed away on January 30. He was assassinated by Vinayak Natura Godse, a member of an extremist Hindu group, as he headed for his usual evening prayer. Gandhi's death was regarded as an international catastrophe.

    India: An independent country

    After World War I, Gandhi began a campaign for independence. The economic independence of India was very important in Gandhi's self-government movement, which implied a complete boycott of British products. The economic aspects of the movement were significant, since the exploitation of Indian peasants by British industrialists had led to extreme poverty and the virtual destruction of Indian industry. Gandhi proposed as a solution to this situation to promote the revival of artisanal industries. When World War II broke out, the Congress Party and Gandhi demanded a declaration of intent regarding the war and its application to India. In reaction to the unsatisfactory British response, the party decided not to support Great Britain unless India was granted full and complete independence. The British authorities refused. Japan entered the war, Gandhi still rejected India's participation in the conflict. He was detained in 1942 and released two years later for health reasons.

    In 1944 the British government had agreed to grant independence on condition that the two rival nationalist groups, the Muslim League and the Congress Party resolved their differences. Gandhi was firmly opposed to the division of India, but ultimately approved it in the hope that internal peace would be achieved once the demands for a Muslim state had been granted. India and Pakistan became two independent states once Britain granted its
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    1. 36. Because a person is carried away by their impulses and that can not be controlled.


    Mahatma Gandhi was a lawyer, politician and Indian thinker of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries (born October 2, 1869 and died on January 30, 1948) known mainly for claiming and conducting India's independence through non-violent methods .

    1.1. Childhood
    He was born in Porbandar, a small coastal city west of India, the fruit of the marriage of Karamchand Gandhi (Prime Minister of the city) and his fourth wife: Putlibai Gandhi. Her mother was one of her most important influences in life, for she learned respect for living things, the virtues of vegetarianism and tolerance for different ways of thinking, including other creeds and religions.


    1.2. Youth
    At the age of 18 he moved to London to study law at University College London. When he finished his studies, he returned to Bombay to try to practice as a lawyer, but the oversaturation of the profession at that time coupled with Gandhi's lack of real experience in court made it impossible for him to fulfill that purpose. Fortunately, that same year (1893) he was presented with the opportunity to work in South Africa, a job he accepted on the spot motivated by the resistance struggle and nonviolent civil disobedience that his compatriots were undertaking in the face of the country's pressure and discrimination towards The Hindus.


    1.3. Years in South Africa
    There, in South Africa, Gandhi saw in first person the strong rejection and hatred towards Hindus, which motivated to him in 1894 to create an Indian political party that defended its rights. After 22 years of nonviolent protests in South Africa, Gandhi gained enough power and respect to negotiate with South African General Jan Christian Smuts as a solution to the Indian conflict.


    1.4. Return to India
    In 1915 Gandhi returned to India, where he continued to enact his religious, philosophical and especially political values. Of these last years two great social protests stood out: the march of the salt (1930) and the claim of the independence of India from the British empire in the context of World War II (1939-1945). The latter, which involuntarily involved India in the war as a British dependency, along with all the years of nonviolent struggle, finally led to India's official independence on August 15, 1947.


    1.5. Death
    A few months later, on January 30, 1948, Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, an ultra-right Hindu fanatic connected with the government, who found in Gandhi an obstacle to raise his project of the uprising of Hinduism to the detriment of other beliefs And religions. In this way, to defend his ideology of an egalitarian society, Gandhi would die assassinated at the age of 78 years.

    @MohaaRM @R.Cebrian